Index > Transportation & Logistics: Reports
Congressional Testimony on ReadyCommunities Partnership initiatives and Crisis Response Officer
This report, released by the National Academies looks into stresses the transportation infrastructure will face with more severe weather. It focuses on five main areas and says that federal, state and local governments must cooperate with private and public stakeholders to develop adequate emergency response plans.
As the climate changes in many parts of the world, the Oxford Research Group has looked into the role of law enforcement and its relationship in responding to potentially dwindling resources, strains on one population migrating in neighboring communities and how to mitigate crises.
Using stadiums for shelters during emergencies allows for a centralized and quick solution to helping victims of a disaster gain relatively quick access to a safe environment. However, if not properly handled, stadiums can become logistical nightmares.
This white paper, released by First Water Inc., outlines the ways counties can hope to plan and execute an effective program to provide potable water to counties in the U.S. who have been affected by a disaster.
Neutral Tandem's white paper deals with the "bottlenecks" created in the nation's communications infrastructure using local exchange carriers (LEC). Neutral Tandem has said that its solution to introduce an independent tandem infrastructure "is essential to homeland security ... [and] is available to the public at no cost to taxpayers."
**NB** Some pictures in this report may appear dark because of compression. To download the original report (5.6 Mb) you can visit this link: http://www.iclei.org/documents/USA/download/0709climateGUIDEweb.pdf
This report released by the ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability - addressing the steps all sizes of communities can take to help incorporate changing climate patterns into their overall preparedness and response systems. Topics include possible pandemic, drought, severe storms and emergency response challenges and possible solutions.
The technology provided by Syniverse has helped to establish a working platform for communications capabilities to broadcast wirelessly information about a stolen or lost child.
This Government Accountability Report, released in April 2007, found that between 2003 and 2005, $2.15 billion in federal money was given to states and local governments to help them upgrade existing communications equipment. However, in the report, researchers found no national guidelines in place which would help to focus state and local efforts on coordinating spending and upgrading practices to build a more cohesive interoperable network.
The National Incident Management System was designed to provide a federal outline that would represent "a core set of doctrine, concepts, principles, terminology, and organizational processes to enable effective, efficient, and collaborative incident
management at all levels."
Recently, Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff unveiled the department's supply chain preparedness and response measures to make sure that private sector assets are able to rebound after a disaster.
The National Cooperative Highway Research Program released a report detailing best practices for transportation-based industries to prepare for and respond to disasters and how to keep their continuity of operations in place.
The Department of Homeland Security began a the US-VISIT program through the Transportation Security Administration in an effort to increase security at America's borders as well as streamline the processing of incoming citizens, tourists and legal aliens. Using new technology in passports with radio frequency ID chips, the Department hopes to secure biometric information.
A report released by the Government Accountability Office which looks at the privatization of the airport security screening force and what goals have been met and what goals remain.
The City of Charleston, South Carolina released this emergency guide for citizens who are not physically able to help themselves or evacuate during an emergency.
An outline of how to credential first responders in the field so that identification during a response is quick and efficient. The credentialing would create a baseline of operations so that emergency management operators would know the who/what/when/where/how of the response.
The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) in Oklahoma City was founded with the mission to understand the root causes of terrorism and how to spread information to help reduce the threat of terrorism in the U.S. This is the 2006 terrorism threat and analysis report.
To implement the US-VISIT program, the Department of Homeland Security has created an automated ID management system to keep track of records of passengers coming into and leaving the U.S.
The Citizens for Rail Security report focuses on training measures for rail workers to help them address hazmat situations. According to the report it is essential that rail workers be trained to handle hazmat situations - more than 1.8 million shipments of hazardous materials are carried across the U.S. each year.
After Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast region, federal, state and local governments as well as community, private, relief organizations and academic institutions asked what are the implications of such a large disaster on the affected communities and the nation as a whole. This Brookings Institute paper handles some of those questions.
The ID program would expedite identification of first responders from multiple agencies during a disaster. Having the ID cards linked to a computer network would facilitate quick identification to reduce the amount of confusion.
After large earthquakes shook Hawaiian communities in October, 2006, the state's government released a report detailing best practices to increase state and local first responders' abilities to communicate and respond during a disaster when the information infrastructure has been damaged.
The National Animal ID System's field report was completed in June 2006 and focused on the national, voluntary project of registering livestock for federal tracking so that if a disease were to break out, government officials would be able to locate the source quickly. The field reports also tested the ability to use RFID technology to effectively track and maintain databases of the animals.
This report released by the Department of Homeland Security's Inspector General found that relying on the Homeland Security Information Network would increase the ability of federal, state and local governments to share information effectively, however DHS has failed to complete information-sharing initiatives on time thus hindering efforts at wide dissemination of information.
The Center for American Progress has found that less than fifteen states or cities in the U.S. "have the capability to administer stockpiled vaccines or other drugs on a large scale," and that "20 percent of Americans live in states where hospitals lack the medical equipment necessary when handling a severe health crisis."
As global warming continues to raise temperatures, shifting weather patterns will create more natural disasters that will affect responders, private citizens and the business community. The British government released its report on preparedness plans for businesses facing possible financial loss due to global climate change.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security, released in July 2002, outlined the initial move by the federal government to establish a national network dedicated to protecting and preparing the U.S. against the threat of a terrorist attack or a large-scale natural disaster. The creation of the Department of Homeland Security amalgamated more than 22 pre-existing federal agencies under one aegis.
The National Response Plan was released in 2004. It outlines the process and fundamental guidelines for the communication and coordination of federal, state and local emergency management operations. In the words of DHS, the plan "establishes a comprehensive all-hazards approach to enhance the ability of the United States to manage domestic incidents."
A national survey released by the U.S. Conference of Mayors found that more than 80 percent of localities and towns across the country did not receive sufficient federal funding to help increase the level of interoperability among their respective emergency management and responder agencies.
During Hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Wilma this year, refugees seeking shelter were moved into city stadiums usually used for large sporting events. However, during Hurricane Katrina, it was clear that the facilities were not nearly adequate to handle the influx of people. This report details ways to increase stadium preparedness and crisis mitigation.
To help coordinate national-level emergency disaster response and to improve the national emergency response mechanism, the Heritage Foundation recommended that the federal government should create "national standards [that] must be established for a national response system that will enable it to respond to everyday demands, establish regional and national communications, and operate when the infrastructure is degraded."
The National Governors Association released its flu pandemic preparedness report to help to give state and local governments resources and tools needed to formulate specific pandemic mitigation and preparedness plans as well as to begin to develop alternative methods of quarantining and spread control.
To help coordinate federal, state, local and tribal law enforcement operations, DHS and the Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative have created fusion center guidelines which help to establish baseline protocols that will allow agencies and government and law enforcement officials to disseminate, analyze and share information better and with greater alacrity and efficiency.
The International Association of Fire Chiefs in cooperation with the U.S. Fire Administration released a final report in 2006 that looked at hazardous materials response, incident planning and management as well as methods on training departments to handle better emergencies involving hazardous materials.
The Forgotten Homeland is a task force report released by the Century Foundation that focuses on homeland security efforts in place in the U.S. and the state of homeland preparedness. The report came to three main conclusions: that urban areas are the most at risk of a terrorist attack; that public/private partnerships will be the most effective homeland security initiatives; and that the federal government must work to improve their performance on responsibilities such as port security and border protection.
A report which focuses on organizing and classifying the nation's critical assets which could be considered targets of a potential terrorist attack. Officials at the Department of Homeland Security have worked to create a "more effective, efficient economical" database management operation.
A best practices guide for state and local police chiefs, the International Association of Chiefs of Police's report has outlined many programs that small local police departments could implement that would help increase the community outreach, efficiency, and preparedness. The best practices guides were released with help from federal grant money issued by the Department of Justice.
The National Research and Development Plan lead by the Department of Homeland Security was released in April 2005 to help spearhead research that would provide security technologies and strategies for the nation's critical infrastructure. The plan "integrates cyber, physical, and human elements," as well as working to outline a national strategy for protecting and preparing critical infrastructure against natural and manmade threats.
After the attacks on September 11, 2001 the Department of Defense released it's Homeland Security initiatives that would focus the government agency's role in protecting the U.S. against the threat of terrorism. In the Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil Support, the DOD outlines how it would protect the country as well as respond to a major disaster.
A report to the Los Angeles Mayor's office on creating wireless internet networks in the city found that public/private partnerships working to connect the city would also provide opportunity's for the city's first responders, police departments and other public works department to interact, cooperate and develop effective communications and information-sharing networks. Their initial recommendation was the "adoption of public/private partnerships designed to deploy fast and easy communications services in every neighborhood."
The American Chemistry Council released it's Responsible CareŠ Security Code management practices to help "protect processes, information and information systems by enhancing security, including security against" the threat of terrorist attacks and other security-related events.
Evacuation of transportation-disadvantaged populations: GAO report released December 2006.
International Fire Chief Mutual Aid for integration with the National Incident Management System
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